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of ACCORD Projects
How is educational quality and access to college distributed across California’s diverse population of young people? Is the state making progress toward a more equitable educational system?
UC ACCORD Indicators Project
Graduation rates, test scores, teacher quality, availability of high-level math courses and diversity on campus are just a few examples of information that can indicate the quality of educational opportunities in the state. These indicators can also reveal how opportunities to learn from kindergarten to college are distributed to students across the state. The Indicators Project is developing a comprehensive database of these and other indicators. Beginning in 2002, UC ACCORD will synthesize the data into a report of the state’s progress toward a more equitable education system and equal access to higher education.
Walter Allen and Robert Teranishi
UCLA/sociology and education
Title: The Educational Experiences and Postsecondary Opportunities of Southeast Asian Students
This study examines the educational experiences and
opportunities of Southeast Asian (i.e. Laotians,
and Vietnamese) students in California. Using
surveys along with state and national data bases, the
explores students’ educational preparation and
for education beyond high school.
ACCORD PROJECTS ASK:
How do the different circumstances that students face in California’s diverse schools and communities influence educational opportunities and college going?
Title: The Process of Social Capital Formation: One Rural High School’s Response to Educate Mexican Immigrant Students
This ethnographic study examines the experiences of
recent Mexican immigrant and limited English speaking
in an impoverished rural high school. It seeks to
how the structure and culture of rural high schools
constrain the social relationships that these
form with peers and adults. These relationships are
important since peers and educators can provide
of institutional resources and support (known as
that are linked to higher academic achievement levels
to higher education that families with little formal
are able to provide.
Title: Language and Literacy Practices of Latinos across Community Settings
This ethnographic study looks at the language,
schooling practices of diverse immigrant Latino
their school settings. It examines how and whether
match their academic experiences in school. Of
will be Latino students who receive Sunday religious
in Spanish and English. These students’ progress will
be followed in their local public schools.
Jabari Mahiri and Jeannie Oakes
UC Berkeley/education and UCLA/education
Title: Increasing College Access for Students Attending "Bi-modal" High Schools
Researchers from UCB and UCLA will study pathways of college access for low-income, underrepresented students at two culturally diverse high schools. This research will describe and measure students’ different trajectories through high school and assess why and how these trajectories limit or enhance students’ access to college. The project will guide the research and professional development of UCB and UCLA graduate students as well as stimulate and train teachers and administrators at the school sites to use research to identify and transform practices that result in inequitable outcomes for underrepresented students. And the collaboration will also investigate the creation of school cultures that engage in reciprocal study and critique among university faculty, graduate students, and teacher researchers.
Title: Increasing College-Going Rates of Underrepresented
This study seeks to understand how professional development activities for teachers can help increase the college and university attendance rates of underrepresented populations. Using surveys and observational data, the study examines the High School Puente Project’s professional development.
Jean Yonemura Wing
Title: The Conditions Contributing to Racial Disparities in Student Achievement
Much research on multi-racial high schools suggests
structures and cultures contribute to racial
student achievement. To learn more about the
contribute to these disparities, this study analyzes
and academic performance over four years of high
students at a diverse, urban high school. Students
who conform to the typical patterns
American and Latino students and high-performing white
American students) and those who do not conform (i.e.,
performing African American and Latino students and
white and Asian American students.)
How do state policies and trends outside of the field of education affect the ability of California’s public schools to provide equitable, high-quality education and college access?
Paul M. Ong, Jordan Rickles & Douglas Houston
Title: School Integration and Residential Segregation in California
This study uses US Census 2000 and California Department of Education data to investigate whether schools play a role in integrating segregated neighborhoods. The project has three primary objectives: (1) measure school and residential segregation in California metropolitan areas; (2) profile metropolitan areas based on their relative measure of school segregation; and (3) investigate, at a micro-level, whether schools play a role in integrating segregated neighborhoods.
Title: The Influence of Television on the College Aspirations
This study employs in-depth interviews to explore the
effect of prime-time television on the college
expectations of 60 African American, Asian American,
tenth-grade girls. Findings from this study may be
able to inform
interventions that seek to improve students'
How do California's school and university policies and practices help or hinder different student populations? What new policies and practices could promote greater college preparation, college access, and college retention for diverse groups of students?
Title: Studying Effective Bilingual/Biliteracy Programs in a Post 227 Context
This study examines how 25 high achieving elementary schools and teachers create effective learning communities that utilize primary language instruction in a high stakes assessment context. Using qualitative methods of inquiry and sociocultural perspectives of learning and development, the study will document the school and instructional practices that build on students’ linguistic knowledge and practices, promote learning, and meet or surpass state achievement goals.
Carl A. Lager
Title: Improving Algebra Instruction for English Language Learners
Children who are learning English often struggle in their math classes because they find it difficult to understand the teacher's explanations or the written language of mathematics textbooks, and they may have further problems communicating their understandings to others. This study uses information about students collected from tasks, surveys, and interviews to identify and further investigate specific language obstacles that hinder Spanish-speaking middle school students as they attempt to learn algebra.
Title: Technology, Academic Achievement, and Diversity in California High Schools
This project uses case study methods to compare the availability of, access to, and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in low SES (socio-economic status) and high SES secondary schools. The findings will help clarify the degree to which ICT policies and practices serve to enhance critical and analytic thinking among students in under-served communities and to further these students' academic competencies and aspirations.
UC Santa Barbara/education
Title: Equitable Evaluation of School Performance
Using national longitudinal data, this study will examine how differences in student background characteristics along with segregation influence academic outcomes and create inequitable learning environments. The findings will inform school district and state policy makers about how school factors such as organization, resources, and climate can increase student achievement. Finally, this study will illustrate how a promising new statistical method can be used to study school effectiveness.
Shane R. Jimerson, Ph.D.
UC Santa Barbara/education
Title: Early Reading Assessment
This study examines the validity of an early reading fluency assessment methodology through analyses of longitudinal data about Latino and Anglo students’ reading performance across 1st through 4th grade. This research has implications for educational decision-making for language minority students that cumulatively benefits those students’ long-term achievement and ultimately enhances their educational opportunities.
Title: Promoting College Access for Poor and Minority Youth Through Comprehensive Schoolwide Reform
This study examines the micro-political processes that
or promote school reform designed to increase college
and opportunity for African American and Latino
an up-close account of efforts to create a college
in a large urban high school in Southern California.
pays particular attention to how the political
teachers, administrators, and students shape and
ability and willingness of educators to increase
for Black and Latino students. It will also illuminate
and tensions" that stem from diverse sources of power,
rival interests, and intractable conflicts within
ACCORD PROJECTS ASK:
How do beliefs and attitudes of
educators, and society affect the distribution of
for high-quality schooling and successful college
Margaret A. Gibson
UC Santa Cruz/education
Title: Invitational Book Conference: Peer Influences on the School Performance of Mexican-Descent Adolescents
This invitational conference will bring together a small group of UC and other researchers who study how peers and peer groups influence the school engagement and academic achievement of high-school age youth of Mexican descent. The conference papers also consider the schools’ role in structuring relations with different groups of youth. Research findings are drawn both from large-scale longitudinal research projects, and from smaller projects. Most of the school sites are in California, with comparative data included from Texas and Florida.
UC Santa Cruz/psychology
Title: Factors Influencing the College Decision-Making Process of High School Youth
For some students the decision to go to college is a clear and relatively easy choice to make while for others, the opposite is true. In particular, students who have family members that have gone on to college are often seen as having a "college-bound identity," and are better informed, prepared, and guided in their college decision making than students with no family college history. This study seeks to learn more about the processes by which advantaged and disadvantaged students decide to attend college. The information gained will help researchers better understand students' core beliefs about college and more systematically probe college-bound identity as an important dimension of college decision making.
Derek Spencer Mitchell
Title: Teacher Beliefs and Placement Practices
This study investigates how teacher beliefs and biases impact academic placement decisions for students of differing ethnic, gender and racial characteristics. The research examines the effects of educator background on placement decisions by providing teachers with an on–line opportunity to examine student photographs and data pairs and choose some students to enroll in rigorous instruction. The simulation of actual decision making explores whether or not (and under what circumstances) participants base their decisions on data about the students or if, instead, their selections appear more subject to personal biases.
Title: Chicanas in Pursuit of the Ph.D.: An examination of the graduate school choice process
Factors such as leaving home, familial influences, interactions with professors, and access to institutional resources may affect the likelihood of Chicanas successfully navigating the graduate school choice and application process. Researchers will interview Chicanas attending highly selective universities and use this data to determine and study factors that enhance or limit a Chicana’s ability to gain entry into a Ph.D. program. Understanding these experiences can inform recruitment officials interested in increasing the number of Chicanas in Ph.D. programs.
Title: The Relationship Between Latinas' Perceptions and Classroom Practices
Using classroom observations and interviews with
study investigates the relationship between adolescent
perceptions of classroom interactions and their actual
participation. Since participation is an important
creating and taking advantage of learning
understandings of "appropriate" participation may
have an important influence on their educational
study will help schools understand and respond to the
ways boys and girls strive for high academic
What supports beyond the regular school program do students need to prepare for admission to and success in California’s public universities? How do these supports differ for different student populations?
UC Santa Barbara/education
Title: Using Technology to Empower Minority Families and Build on Student Strengths
Increasing access to technology offers opportunities to develop existing strengths and competencies for culturally diverse students, English language learners, and others. This research studies the after-school participation of Latino K-12 students and their parents in the creation of a desktop publication; at a university-school collaborative learning experience building upon the families‚ social-cultural, and linguistic resources. Ethnographic methods and conversation analysis serve to examine how participants develop new problem-solving strategies and technology-based literacies. The findings promise to expand schools’ understandings and inform instructional repertoires for educating all students well.
UC San Diego/communications
Title: Expanding Success Across Cultural Contexts
La Clase Mágica's preschool activity (MCM) is a successful school readiness program in San Diego County that utilizes a computer program adapted to the local ecology. This study examines the extension of the after school program, to two new, culturally different contexts; One near the U.S. -Mexico boarder and the other at the San Pasquel American Indian Reservation. Ethnographic field methods as well as the Attachment Q-Sort (AQS) and Computer Literacy Test will examine the cross cultural adaptation of the program and its impact on school readiness and social development.
Title: Literacy Development among Latino Students in a Rural Preschool
When Latino students enter kindergarten there are
disparities between them and White, middle-class
the area of school readiness. Therefore, it is
provide Latino students access to early literacy
that are critical to later success in reading and
ethnographic study explores how Latino students
literacy skills in a preschool program that promotes
language and literacy experiences. A secondary purpose
examine how literacy instruction is socially organized
preschool context. This study may help optimize an
literacy curriculum for preschool students from
In what ways can California's public universities work with k-12 students, parents, and teachers to promote higher quality schools, college preparation, and successful college going among all the state’s diverse groups of students?
UC San Diego/communications
Title: K-16 Partnerships and the Possibilities for Educational Change
This qualitative case study examines the implementation of UCSD/Create, an "outreach" project designed to increase the college-going rates of under-represented k-12 students, enhance the college experience of community college students, and strengthen institutional ties between K-14 and the University of California. In addition to documenting the core pedagogical challenges the project faces, the study details the project’s struggle with considerable logistical and ideological obstacles. The goal is to provide a comprehensive description that contains useful lessons for other cross-institutional initiatives with similar goals.
Patricia M. McDonough and Karen McClafferty
Title: Increasing Faculty Involvement in Outreach and Practice-Based Research
This project will create greater understanding of how
members can become involved in outreach and
projects and how this work can enhance, rather than
from, faculty dossiers during the review process. The
in-depth case studies of educational researchers who
major promotions at the University of California
in spite of meaningful engagement with the communities
that their research impacts. The project will address
issues from the perspectives of university
and outreach practitioners and will yield a model that
used by scholars interested in undertaking
The investigation will also yield short, practical
for each of these three groups.